NSSO Employment Survey Analysis

I was reading the news article today which hinted that there is a Job Crisis in the rural areas for women and they have lost 9.1 mn jobs in 2 years.  Another link to the article can be found here. The number seemed astonishingly high. The data from the NSSO survey is:

2009-10

Labour Force Participation Rate

Presently Unemployed

Men

Women

Men

Women

Rural

548

208

11

5

Urban

556

128

17

9

2011-12

Labour Force Participation Rate

Presently Unemployed

Men

Women

Men

Women

Rural

547

181

12

5

Urban

560

134

18

9

Interesting results can  be seen above –

  1. The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) has fallen down for women from 208 / thousand to 181 / thousand for the rural areas. This implies that lesser number of women are wanting to work as LFPR signifies number of people looking for work.
  2. The unemployment rate for women has remained unchanged in both rural and urban areas. The unemployment rate for men has however increased in both rural as well as urban areas signifying the crisis is for men and not women.

Let us analyze the data in millions –

2009-10

Projected Population (Mn)

Labour Force Participation (Mn)

Presently Unemployed (Mn)

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Rural

400.8

379.1

232.2

83.3

4.5

2

Urban

164.7

148.3

102.2

21.3

3.1

1.5

2011-12

Projected Population (Mn)

Labour Force Participation (Mn)

Presently Unemployed (Mn)

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Rural

423.9

400.9

236

74.2

5

2.2

Urban

183.8

165.5

111.8

25

3.6

1.6

Interesting results can  be seen above –

  1. The number of women desirous of working has fallen from 104.6 mn in 2009-10 to 99.2 mn in 2011-12.
  2. The total unemployment for men has increased from 7.6 mn in 2009-10 to 8.6 mn in 2011-12 as compared to women unemployment at 3.5 mn to 3.8 mn during the same time. Ie. Men unemployment increased by 1 mn as compared to women’s increase in unemployment by 0.3 mn.
  3. Men are 3.33 times unemployed than women.
  4. Total unemployed women in both rural as well as urban areas is 3.8 mn (2.2 rural + 1.6 urban), then how come 9.1 mn rural women have lost jobs as stated in the news reports?

Do feel free to comment and let me know for whom is the job crisis for?

__________

Sources:

  1. Key Indicators of Employment and Unemployment in India (2009-10): NSS 66th Round – Page 20 and 21.
  2. Key Indicators of Employment and Unemployment in India (2011-12): NSS 68th Round – Page 26 and 27.
  3. Usual Principal Status approach data has been used in the analysis above.

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2 Responses to NSSO Employment Survey Analysis

  1. I think we need analysis on what types of jobs are getting lost. One thing is for sure that our outside development is not true indicator of our progress. Specially when we see in development terms we are globally retarding. I have a feeling that the number of jobs lost is greater than the number of jobs created. Need to analyze education data too. One PSLV launched doesn’t put India in the group of elite countries

  2. Partha, as per the data, jobs are not getting lost. The total number of jobs have increased from about 427.9 mn to about 434.6 mn during the above time period.

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