India’s Gender Gap

English: A sticker pasted at a house to mark i...

I was recently going through an article in the newspaper which stated that the gender ratio in India worsens with age. The analysis and conclusion of the news report looks intriguing, but on a detailed reading it is found that the analysis conducted by the author of the article was rudimentary.

The article compared apples and oranges therefore giving incorrect conclusions. The premise was that the women in India are discriminated from an early age by way of sex determination methods and gross neglect. Let’s delve deeper into the analysis employed and conclusions derived by the author of the article –

  1. The author took the data from 2011 census which provides Single Year wise gender data for the Indian Population.
  2. Then the author added the difference of men and women for the age groups till 6 years and 15 years and stated that there has been a drop in the population. This drop in population is attributed to female feticide, gross neglect for the girl child and slow death. This implies that the girls die younger and which skews the gender ratio by the time they reach 15.
  3. The thesis above is completely incorrect due to the below reasons –
    • You are comparing the population born in one year with the population born in another year and coming to a conclusion that a few have perished away. An example below will explain –
    Age Population in 2010 Population in 2011
    1 Year 100 105
    2 Year 99 100

    The author has taken the first column and came to a conclusion that by the time the population of age 1 year becomes of 2 years of age, one person dies. This is incorrect as the first column provides the total number of persons who are of age 1 and aged 2 in year 2010. By the time the person of age 1 becomes of 2 years, the year will be 2011, therefore population data for 2011 needs to be compared. In 2011, the number of persons at age 2 years is 100, therefore no one has died till the time they reach 2 years of age. The author of the article has not done such an analysis.

    • The population of India is growing therefore more number of children are born every year, which is shown in the above table for example, in 2010 only 100 persons were born as opposed to 105 in 2011. Therefore comparing persons born in 2011 with persons born in 2010 is bound to give a negative result (ie. Signifying death). When the author of the news report compared the data in 2011 for population of age 1 year with population of age 2 years he is actually comparing population of two separate years.
  4. The conclusion of the author is also incorrect which states that sex determination technique is skewing the gender ratio. In fact the gender ratio has increased over the past 3 decades as shown below[i], implying that sex determination is not as prevalent as suggested by the author of the article.
    Census Year Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males)
    1991 927
    2001 933
    2011 940
  5. The conclusion that women of India are not cared for and die at an early age is also incorrect and not supported by data. Infact the data shows a picture contrary to this hypothesis due to:
    • Average Life Expectancy of women in India is higher at 65 as opposed to 62 for men. This implies that women live longer and healthier, hence have lower malnutrition[ii] contrary to what is suggested by the article.
    • WHO data shows that deaths due to diseases and injuries for men is 883.2 as compared to women as 788.7 (per 100,000). Hence, women have better access to healthcare as compared to their male counterparts[iii] again something completely contrary to what is stated in the article.The truth is infact the men are missing in India and their death rates increase once they are born. Over 20 Million men are missing from the working population of India based on the data tabulated for the past 15 years. The complete analysis can be found here. Further, the truth about India’s Gender ratio can be found here.

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4 Responses to India’s Gender Gap

  1. libremoi says:

    very good analysis. Please publicize it.

  2. Hussein Ali says:

    Its a Fashionable thing in today’s times, to undermine Men and to talk about Women and its so called Self-Righteous Issue. The in thing today is to talk, publish, report, show off as much as possible that U stand only & only for Women. I never deny the fact that Women are to be respected as much same as a Person or any other Human Being should. I am not against the Equality but for me the Equality does not stem from the fact of today’s times, where in Men are cut to sizes to make women equal. Every flock has its own black sheep but to term all Women as Sitas & All Men as Ravans is the norm that does not go well with Gender Equality.

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